Can I Use My Car as Collateral for a Loan

06.03.2023
1101
12 min.

An auto equity loan can be a quick way to get money if you are the vehicle's owner and are in a bind.

Can I Use My Car as Collateral for a Loan

Although financial institutions like credit unions don't typically provide this type of loan, you may be able to find one if you look at banks and private lenders. Before you sign any papers, it's best to compare different loan options and financial institutions. 

Find out which auto equity loan best fits your needs. Read the article below to learn the details about pledging your automobile as collateral for a loan.

Can I Use my Car as Collateral for a Loan

You can sign your car as collateral for a loan. If you have terrible credit, collateral can improve your chances of getting a short-term loan. Since you're taking on more of the loan's risk, specific lenders may be willing to provide more favorable interest rates. However, if you get a secured personal loan and can't pay it back, the lender repossesses it.

Whether or not you can use an asset as collateral for a loan depends on your car's equity. The equity in your collateral is the amount by which the value of your collateral exceeds the amount still owed on any secured debts.

If you still owe $2,500 on your automobile loan, but it is worth $6,000 when you sell it, you have equity of $3,500 in your car. If the value of your vehicle is greater than the amount still owed on your loan, you have positive equity. The less risk the lender thinks there is in giving you a loan, the less interest they will charge you.

Auto equity loan borrowers can use the vehicle as collateral. The lender can repossess it to cover the debt you still owe on loan. You could incur additional costs. Ask your lender if they will accept a car as collateral and, if so, how much equity the vehicle must have.

Pros of Using a Car as Collateral

  • Your automobile is still operational. Putting your automobile up as security for a loan doesn't mean you can't use it. You can use your car for regular transportation and still get a loan against it.
  • The credit requirements are lenient. Borrowers choose secured loans over unsecured loans primarily because of the stricter credit standards for the former. In contrast to unsecured personal loans, secured loans do not necessitate a strong credit score due to the given collateral.
  • There are immediately available funds. If you're short on cash, putting your automobile up as collateral for a loan can help you quickly acquire the money you need.
  • You can bring down the interest rate. Secured loans typically have more competitive interest rates or annual percentage rates than unsecured loans. Therefore, you may get a low-interest secured loan if you use your car as collateral.

Cons of Using a Car as Collateral

  • Negative equity is possible. Your car's value may decrease as time goes on. Borrowing money against the value of your car might increase your debt while reducing your equity.
  • It could be subject to repossession. One major drawback to collateralizing a loan with your vehicle is the risk of repossession. The lender will sell your car if you fail to make your payments. It would be best if you avoided repossession by making payments on time.
  • You could take on more debt. When you have obligations, you need to be careful with your finances. It may be challenging to keep up with loan payments if you have an existing auto loan and then take out a loan against the equity in your vehicle. How to get out of debt is discussed.
  • Auto insurance is mandatory. Whenever you have a loan on your car, the lending company will insist that you have ample insurance on it, not just the bare minimum liability coverage mandated by law. If your insurer finds out about this, your premiums may go up.

Types of Loans With Cars as Collateral

There are other financing programs where you can use your car as collateral.

  • Auto refinancing with a rebate. You could refinance an existing auto loan into a cash-back auto refinancing loan if you're short on cash. You can use the money you've built up in your car to pay off your existing loan and get a cash payout of some of the equity you've accrued with this type of refinancing. It's important to remember that taking out a cash-back vehicle refinancing loan can increase your chances of going underwater on your car loan because it can increase your total debt and lengthen the time it takes to repay it.
  • Auto title loans. Get cash using the equity in your automobile as collateral for a car title loan. The Federal Trade Commission says that people who want to get car title loans must be the car's legal owner. Borrowing 25%–50% of the car's value is standard, with repayment taking 15–30 days. When people are in a pinch and need to borrow money fast to pay a bill or the rent, they sometimes resort to high-interest automobile title loans. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) reports that a title loan's typical monthly finance fee is 25% due to the high rates and short maturities involved. It works out to an APR of around 300%.
  • Personal loans. There is no limit to the potential uses of a personal loan. Use a personal unsecured loan to pay off high-interest credit card debt or make a large purchase, for instance. Rates on these accounts are often more reasonable than those on credit cards. Secured personal loans when the automobile title serves as collateral are known as auto equity loans. Before they give you a loan based on the value of your car, many lenders who offer auto equity loans want you to own the car fully.

Where to get a Loan With the Car as Collateral

A few of the most prominent American banks include Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Chase, and Citibank. You can get a secured personal loan with them. However, they do not provide auto equity loans. You may find an auto equity loan at a credit union or online lender.

Your income, the car's value, and your credit history will all significantly affect how much interest you pay and how long your loan lasts. A National Consumer Law Center study found that borrowers shouldn't have to pay more than 36% interest annually.

When you ask for a loan based on the worth of your car, the lender will usually determine how much equity you have. A lender may look at your ability to pay back the loan, the value of your car, and whether or not you have comprehensive and collision insurance.

FAQ

How does a car collateral loan work?

To get an auto equity loan, you'll have to put up your car as collateral for the loan. If you don't pay back the loan, you are giving the lender permission to take your vehicle and use it as a complete and final payment of the debt.

Can I put my car down as collateral for a loan?

You can get a personal loan with your car as collateral. If you get a secured personal loan and can't pay it back, the lender can take the collateral you put up. If you need a fast loan but have a low credit score, collateral may help you get approved. Because of the increased risk you present to the lender, they may be willing to offer you more favorable terms on loan.

Can I get a loan on a vehicle I already own?

You can acquire a car title loan if the car you own is less than ten years old, has fewer than one hundred thousand kilometers on it, and is in good overall condition. It is a common practice, especially when interest rates on savings or investments are higher than those on auto loans.

Can you use collateral for a car loan?

A car loan's collateral is the vehicle itself. Auto loans with collateral are secured loans in which the borrower uses their car as security for the loan. The lender can repossess the automobile if you default on your auto loan.

Can you get a secured loan for a car?

Yes. When you get a secured auto loan, the car you're buying serves as security for the loan. To accomplish this, the lending company will keep the title to your vehicle if you cannot repay the loan.
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