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Loans Payable. Apply for Personal Loans Online

Understand how businesses in the Philippines manage loans payable, from recording borrowed capital to reducing debt. Vital for a healthy balance sheet and optimal capital use.
Offers: 4
Updated:
10.02.2024
20:27
MoneyCat
Instant cash loans
Rating by Finanso®
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The rating by Finanso® is determined by our editorial team. The scoring formula includes a financial product type as well as tariffs, fees, rewards and other options.

Recommended FinScore™
0
300
650
1000
₱20000
Rate
i

Effective interest rate on the product

11,9% per month
Term
i

Loan term for the financial product

6 months
DIGIDO
Instant online loans
Rating by Finanso®
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4
Recommended FinScore™
0
300
650
1000
10500.00 – 25000.00 ₱
Rate
i

Effective interest rate on the product

from 11.90 %
Term
i

Loan term for the financial product

3 days – 6 days
Kviku
Online Loan
Rating by Finanso®
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Recommended FinScore™
0
300
650
1000
500.00 – 25000.00 ₱
Rate
i

Effective interest rate on the product

to 0.16 %
Term
i

Loan term for the financial product

2 months – 6 months
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TALA
Tala Loan
Rating by Finanso®
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2.95
Recommended FinScore™
0
300
650
1000
1000.00 – 15000.00 ₱
Rate
i

Effective interest rate on the product

to 0.50 %
Term
i

Loan term for the financial product

21 days – 1 months
Loans Payable Calculator of February 2024

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Reviews
Savii
1
No comment yet coz im not yet approved in my application
Review
DIGIDO
5
very fast
Review
Kviku
4
Please address my concerns regarding my loan application and its processing...
Review
Kviku
1.6
Warning: This lender is predatory and extremely dangerous. Do not use this app for loans as they will trap you with impossible and maliciously high interest rates...
Review
Kviku
1.4
I was charged an excessive amount by KVIKU. My last loan was approved on November 25th, 2022 for 5000 pesos...
Review
Kviku
1.8
High Interest Rate. They approved my auto loan without discussing repayment options in full. Instead, they sent me a contract with scheduled payments, which is nowhere near the advertised 0...
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What are Loans Payable?

Loans payable, a fundamental concept in accounting, represent financial obligations that a company owes to external lenders due to borrowed funds. This is a liability account, a company may owe money to the bank, or even another business at any time during the company's history. This 'note' can also include lines of credit.

A loan payable encompasses both the principal amount borrowed and any accrued interest yet to be settled. This loan payable account can be classified as either short-term or long-term, contingent upon the stipulated terms of the loan. Short-term loans payable are anticipated to be repaid within a year, while long-term obligations extend beyond that timeframe.

How Loans Payable Work

Loans payable, a vital facet of a company's financial landscape, represent the funds borrowed to meet various financial needs. When a company initiates a loan, it records the transaction by debiting the cash account, reflecting the infusion of borrowed funds, and crediting the loan payable account, indicating the increase in liabilities. Over the loan term, the company incurs interest expenses, which constitute the cost of borrowing, contributing to the overall amount of money owed. The monthly payment schedule encompasses both the repayment of the loan principal and the interest owed, diligently reducing the outstanding balance. Managing loans payable requires a nuanced approach, ensuring timely payments to minimize interest expenses, thereby contributing to the company's overall financial health. The accurate recording of these transactions and the systematic reduction of the loan principal over time play a pivotal role in maintaining a sustainable financial position and optimizing the company's use of borrowed capital.

Types of Loans Payable

  1. Short-Term Loans Payable. These loans are designed to be repaid within a relatively short period, typically one year. They assist short-term financial needs, such as managing working capital, covering unexpected expenses, or seizing immediate business opportunities.

  2. Long-Term Loans Payable. Long-term loans have a repayment period extending beyond one year, often used for significant investments and expansion projects. Purposes include major capital expenditures, such as purchasing real estate, and equipment, or financing large-scale projects.

Differentiating Payable Loans and Notes Payable

  1. Definition and Structure. The term payable loans is a broad categorization encompassing various forms of financial obligations that a company owes. It is often used interchangeably with accounts payable, reflecting a company's short-term debts to suppliers or service providers. These are typically unsecured and arise from routine business transactions, representing amounts due for goods or services received. On the other hand, notes payable refers to a more formalized arrangement involving a written promissory note. This note outlines specific terms and conditions of the loan, including interest rates, repayment schedules, and any collateral provided. In that sense, one could consider notes payable as unsecured loans.

  2. Nature of Transactions. Transactions leading to payable loans are often part of everyday business operations. They result from purchasing goods or services on credit, creating a short-term liability until the amount is settled. The creation of notes payable involves a deliberate borrowing decision, usually for more substantial amounts and longer durations. These transactions are typically strategic and may involve legal documentation to formalize the terms, providing a level of security for both the borrower and the lender.

  3. Flexibility and Formality. Payable loans, being part of routine trade credit, are often more flexible in terms of repayment and may not involve intricate legal agreements. They are essential for maintaining smooth day-to-day business operations. Notes payable introduce a higher level of formality. The terms are explicitly stated in a written contract, offering clarity and legal protection to both parties. This formal approach is suitable for significant financial transactions requiring a structured repayment plan.

Loan Payable Terms and Measurement

  1. Terms and Conditions. The terms of a loan payable are a comprehensive set of conditions agreed upon by the borrower and lender. These terms encompass crucial details such as the principal amount, interest rate, repayment schedule, and any collateral required. Clear and well-defined terms provide a roadmap for both parties, ensuring transparency and minimizing potential disputes.

  2. Measurement and Recognition. The measurement of loan payables falls under the broader category of financial liabilities. In financial accounting, these liabilities are initially recognized at fair value, taking into account any directly attributable transaction costs. This initial recognition sets the foundation for accurate financial reporting, reflecting the true economic substance of the borrowing arrangement. For loans classified as "at fair value through profit or loss" (FVPL), transaction costs are expensed immediately, emphasizing the importance of precise measurement in reflecting the financial reality of the transaction.

  3. Origination Fees and Effective Interest Rate. In the realm of loan payable measurement, origination fees play a pivotal role. These upfront fees, charged by lenders to cover the costs of processing the loan, are deducted from the carrying amount of the loan. Subsequently, origination fees are amortized over the expected term of the loan using the effective interest method. This method ensures a comprehensive and accurate representation of the overall cost of the loan over time.

Documentation and Recognition in Financial Statements

Loan payable transactions require meticulous documentation to ensure clarity and compliance. Formal agreements, often in the form of promissory notes, outline essential details such as loan terms, interest rates, repayment schedules, and any collateral provided. These documents serve as legal records, establishing the framework for the financial obligation and providing a basis for transparent communication between the borrower and lender.

In financial statements, loan payables are recognized as liabilities, reflecting the company's obligation to repay borrowed funds. The initial recognition involves reporting the financial liability at fair value, accounting for any transaction costs directly attributable to the loan. Over time, as payments are made, the reduction in the loan payable is reflected in the financial statements, accompanied by the recognition of interest expenses. This meticulous recognition process ensures an accurate representation of the company's financial position and performance, supporting informed decision-making and financial transparency.

Loans Payable as Company Liabilities

Loans payable stand as significant components within a company's financial structure, constituting a category of liabilities on its balance sheet. These financial obligations arise from the company's decision to borrow funds to support various business activities, whether for day-to-day operations, capital expansions, or strategic investments. Whether short-term or long-term, loans payable serve as a crucial tool for managing the company's capital and liquidity needs.

Effectively managing loans payable is essential for maintaining a healthy financial position. The company must adhere to the agreed-upon terms, encompassing factors such as interest rates, repayment schedules, and potential collateral requirements. Strategic handling of these liabilities contributes to sound financial decision-making, allowing the company to leverage borrowed capital judiciously for growth while ensuring compliance with its financial obligations.

Example of Loans Payable

In the Philippines, a common example of loans payable for businesses is a term loan obtained from a financial institution to fund a capital expansion project. Let's consider a scenario where a manufacturing company secures a PHP 5 million term loan with a 5% annual interest rate and a five-year repayment period. The loan agreement outlines the terms, including the monthly installment amount and any collateral requirements. This loan payable represents a significant liability on the company's balance sheet, impacting its financial standing and strategic planning. Accurate documentation and adherence to the repayment schedule are crucial aspects of managing this loan payable example in the Philippine business context.

FAQ

Is loan payable an expense?

No, a loan payable is not considered an expense in the traditional sense of operational costs. A loan payable represents a liability on a company's balance sheet, reflecting the amount borrowed and the obligation to repay it over time. While the company incurs interest expenses associated with the loan, the principal amount is not treated as an immediate expense. Instead, the reduction of the loan payable occurs gradually with each repayment, impacting the balance sheet. Interest expenses, on the other hand, are recognized in the income statement over the loan term, reflecting the cost of borrowing.

What is the difference between a loan payable and a loan receivable?

  1. Loan Payable. A loan payable is a liability on a company's balance sheet, representing the amount the company owes to external lenders as a result of borrowing money. The borrowing company is the debtor, and the loan payable signifies the obligation to repay the borrowed funds, often with interest, over a specified period.

  2. Loan Receivable. A loan receivable is an asset on a company's balance sheet, indicating the amount of money that another party owes to the company as a result of a loan. The lending company is the creditor, and the loan receivable signifies the right to receive repayment, including principal and interest, from the borrower over an agreed-upon period.

Is a loan payable an asset?

No, a loan payable is not considered an asset; rather, it is classified as a liability on a company's balance sheet. The loan payable represents the company's obligation to repay borrowed funds to external lenders. As a liability, it reflects the financial obligation the company has incurred, including both the principal amount and any accrued interest. On the other hand, assets typically encompass resources or economic benefits controlled by the company that results from past transactions.